Drilling Wells


  • 136 villages in Bumpe Ngao Chiefdom are without safe drinking water
  • High rate of death as a result of diseases such as typhoid, cholera, etc.
  • Waste materials contaminate steams or river as a result of daily activities (shower, laundering etc.)
  • Villages located in the hillside areas are far from water to drink and cook. During the dry season, most streams and rivers dry up.
    People walk miles to near-by villages to fetch water for drinking, cooking and other purposes.
  • Community people in rural areas cannot afford to construct drilling or hand-dug wells from their subsistence farming production.

supports already in place?

  • Availability of land to construct wells.
  • Community people will provide local materials and support (sand, stone, sticks, and food for the contractors).

How many people benefit from a well?

  • A minimum of 50 (but usually many more) people will benefit from one well.


  • Absence or low rate of disease and death as a result of unsafe drinking water
  • Opportunity to enjoy safe,  accessible drinking water
  • Increase in healthy sanitation practices


There two kinds of wells that are mostly constructed – Drilled Wells & Hand-Dug Wells.  Drilling can be done any time of the year and wells last much longer than hand-dug wells.

  •  Drilled wells yield good quality, safe drinking water.  Drilling a well only takes a week!
  • Drilled Well: ~$12,000.00
  • Hand-dug wells are cheaper to construct and easier to maintain.  They are dug in dry season (February, March). Hand-dug wells require more labor time  
    (~ two months). 
  • The Ministry of Health and Sanitation recommends drilling wells where enough resources are available.
    • Hand-Dug Well : $5,555.00

Note: training, provision of spare parts, and maintenance of well by community people: $1000.00